For periodontal (gum) disease treatment, dental professionals use a common mechanical procedure known as SRP (scaling and root planing). Scaling removes plaque, tartar, and stains from the surface of teeth and their roots. Planing smoothes the rough areas on the roots of teeth to promote healing. Once the gums have been cleaned, they are disinfected with antimicrobials. Further antibiotics may be given for use at home depending on the situation.